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  • 小小文档网 > 工作范文 > 汇报体会 > [电大考试英语II(2)复习题及答案附答案]

    [电大考试英语II(2)复习题及答案附答案]

    时间:2019-12-07 15:03:52来源:小小文档网本文已影响

    单元自测 1 形考任务试题及答案

    题目为随机, 用查找功能(Ctrl+F) 搜索题目

    题目:
    —Do you have much experience with caring for babies?—________.

    答案:
    Yes, I do. I often take care of kids in my free time.

    题目:
    Lily is a good student except ________ she is a little bit careless.

    答案:
    that

    题目:
    —How do you feel about your family life?—________.

    答案:
    Not bad. I think it is a good choice to be a full-time mother.

    题目:
    —It' s raining so heavily outside. I' m terribly anxious about my son' s safety.—________.

    答案:
    Don' t worry about him. He will come back safe and sound.

    题目:
    —Ken did badly in his math test. I' m terribly worried about the result.—________.

    答案:
    Come on. It isn' t the end of the world.

    题目:
    —Our son has picked up some bad habits recently, and I am really worried about it.—________.

    答案:
    Cheer up. I believe he will overcome it.

    题目:
    He asked me ___________ Zhang Hua came to school or not.

    答案:
    whether

    题目:
    I want to know________ .

    答案:
    what his name is

    题目:
    It is said that ______ 2000 factories were closed down during the economic crisis.

    答案:
    approximately

    题目:
    The birth rate of the country decreases ______ with years.

    答案:
    progressively

    题目:
    This movie is ________ that one.

    答案:
    as interesting as

    题目:
    Tom won the first prize of oral English contest, which is beyond his ______.

    答案:
    expectation

    题目:
    We consider it necessary ______ Tom should improve his behavior.

    答案:
    that

    题目:
    We often compare children ______ flowers.

    答案:
    to

    题目:
    Young people ______ 62% of University teaching staff.

    答案:
    comprise

    二、 阅读理解:
    选择题(每题 10 分)

    Most couples who get married or decide to live together generally plan to have children. Severalyears ago, people thought that having big families was common and this was seen as an advantage.That was mainly because children began working at an early age to help provide for the family.But with the changing times and with the cost of living getting higher every single year, havinga big family is no longer considered to be a practical option. In fact, more couples considerthat they have only one child and some do not have any desire to become parents at all.

    According to the Australian Institute of Family Studies, by 1986, women aged 40 to 44 years,were considerably more likely to have given birth to two children than three children (36%vs. 27%) or four or more children (19%) . However, taken together, women were still more likelyto have had three or more children than to have had two children (46% vs. 36%) .In recent years, women were more likely to have had two children than three or more children– a trend that was most marked in the most recent period (38% vs. 25% in 1996; 38% vs. 22%in 2006) . These days, most families in Australia have two children. But the number of womenwho had GIVEN BIRTH TO a single child INCREASED PROGRESSIVELY from only 8% in 1981 to 13% in2006.

    The U. S. Census Bureau states that there are approximately 14 million only children in Americatoday. This COMPRISES 20% OF the children' s population COMPARED TO only 10% around fifty yearsago.

    操作提示:
    通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

    1. Several years ago, people thought that having big families was【C】

    A. uncommon and this was seen as an advantage

    B. common and this was seen as a disadvantage

    C. common and this was seen as an advantage

    2. By 1986, taken together, women were still more likely to have had【B】 children.

    A. less

    B. more

    C. no

    3. In recent years, women were more likely to have had【C】 .

    A. three or four children

    B. more children

    C. fewer children

    4. According to the passage, we can predict that the number of family with a single childwill【B】 (将会增长) .

    A. decreased dramatically

    B. increased dramatically

    C. remained steady

    5. Which of the following may be the best title for the passage? 【A】

    A. Families Having Fewer Children Nowadays.

    B. Couples Having More Children Nowadays.

    C. Women Being Likely to Have More Children.

    二、 阅读理解:
    正误判断(每题 10 分)

    STOPPING YELLING AT YOUR KIDS

    Parenting is hard. If you' re a parent, I' m sure that I don' t need to tell you that our jobis a tough one. When you' re managing children, it can be difficult to remember that they arestill learning. If you find you are yelling at your kids more often than you want to, hereare some ways that can help you reduce the yelling. I' ve been working on this for the pastfew months and I have to say, it' s been amazing for both the kids and me.If you are having an argument with your child, you need to make sure you both take the timeto really listen. It gives both of you time to think and really listen to each other, whichis important. Kids are more likely to listen to you if you listen to them!One of your biggest struggles is to remind yourself of appropriate expectations. You can' texpect that your youngest acts as responsibly as your oldest. You should lower what you expect– taking into consideration things like their age – it can make a big difference.

    You should do your best to take a moment before yelling and take in a deep breath. It makesa world of difference for you. Instead of yelling, you' d better whisper. It can also help diffuseany situation by making things quieter, not louder. Besides, the more time you spend with yourkids, the better you' ll get at communicating with them. You' re both more likely to understandeach other.

    If your children aren' t listening or it seems they only don' t listen to you, you don' t takeit personally. You should remind yourself that your kids are still learning and they' re notgoing to be perfect.

    操作提示:
    句子正确选择下拉选项框为 T;

    句子错误选择下拉选项框为 F。

    1. As a parent, you may know that parenting is an easy job. 【F】

    2. Listening to each other is a good way to stop argument between parents and their kids. 【T】

    3. Usually younger kids behave less responsibly than elder children. 【T】

    4. Parents should lower their expectations for their kids. 【T】

    5. Both yelling and whispering can help make things quieter. 【F】

    单元自测 2 形考任务试题及答案

    题目为随机, 用查找功能(Ctrl+F) 搜索题目

    题目:
    —Do you mind if I record your lecture?—________________________.

    答案:
    No, not at all.

    题目:
    —Linda, what' s wrong with your grandmother?—________________________.

    答案:
    She hurt her leg.

    题目:
    —I' m sorry to hear that your grandmother is ill in hospital.—________________________.

    答案:
    It' s very kind of you.

    题目:
    —Is your grandmother getting well now?—________________________.

    答案:
    Yes, she is much better now.

    题目:
    —Looking after a baby is not an easy job, is it?—________________________.

    答案:
    No, it isn' t.

    二、 阅读短文, 从 A、 B、 C 三个选项中选出一个正确答案。(每题 10 分)

    DEMAND FOR ELDERLY CARE SERVICES IN CHINA RISING RAPIDLY

    The number of elderly people aged above 60 increased. Demand for elderly care services in Chinawill continue to rise due to the increasing aging population. The number of elderly peopleaged above 60 was over 200 million in 2012, and will be 300 million in 2025 and 400 millionin 2034, according to experts.

    It will be a tough challenge for China to deal with, due to the increasing rates of urbanizationand a DECREASING birth rate. The Chinese people will be facing a big challenge if we do nothave enough money when we get older.The United Nations defines an aging society as one that has 10 percent of its population ator above the age of 60.

    When most developed countries were classed as an aging society, their gross domestic product(GDP) per capita stood at between 5, 000 to 10, 000 U. S. dollars or above. However, China becamean aging society in 2001, and its GDP per capita was only 1, 000 U. S. dollars. It was 6, 000U. S. dollars in 2012. China’ s economic foundation for an elderly society is fragile.On Sept. 13.2013, the State Council issued a guideline to speed up the development of China’ selderly care services, hoping to complete a social care network for its elderly by 2025.

    操作提示:
    通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

    1. What does the word decreasing in Paragraph 2 mean?【A】

    A. It means falling.

    B. It means rising.

    C. It means peaking.

    2. What does GDP stands for?

    A. Government Document Publishing Service. 【B】

    B. Gross domestic product.

    C. General domestic product.

    3. What was China’ s GDP per capita in 2012? 【B】

    A. It was 1, 000 U. S. dollars.

    B. It was 6, 000 U. S. dollars.

    C. It was 10, 000 U. S. dollars.

    4. Why is China’ s economic foundation for an elderly society fragile? 【A】

    A. Because of its increasing aging population and its low GDP per capita.

    B. Because when China was classed as an aging society, our gross domestic product (GDP)per capita is high.

    C. Because of its decreasing aging population and its high GDP per capita.

    5. The passage implies that 【C】

    A. Chinese government can do nothing to deal with the challenge of the increasing agingpopulation

    B. Chinese people don’ t need enough money when they get older

    C. The Chinese social care network is expected to be completed in the near future

    单元自测 3 形考任务试题及答案

    题目为随机, 用查找功能(Ctrl+F) 搜索题目

    题目:
    He asked John ______ he could swim.

    答案:
    if

    题目:
    He is worth ____________.

    答案:
    trusting

    题目:
    John asked me _______ to visit his uncle' s farm with him.

    答案:
    whether I would like

    题目:
    She _________ the children not to make any noise.

    答案:
    told

    题目:
    She is a ___________ woman.

    答案:
    confident young

    题目:
    She said she __________ lost a pen.

    答案:
    had

    题目:
    There is only one thing that people can' t _____________you, and that is your wisdom.

    答案:
    take away from

    题目:
    We found him ___________ in the laboratory.

    答案:
    working

    题目:
    We must keep our classroom _____________.

    答案:
    clean

    题目:
    You' d better ________ to hospital at once.

    答案:
    go

    二、 阅读理解:
    选择题(每题 10 分)

    Among the more colorful characters of Leadville' s golden age were H. A. W. Tabor and his secondwife, Elizabeth McCourt, better known as Baby Doe. Their history is fast becoming one of thelegends of the Old West. Horace Austin Warner Tabor was a school teacher in Vermont. With hisfirst wife and two children he left Vermont by covered wagon in 1855 to homestead in Kansas.

    Perhaps he did not find farming to his liking, or perhaps he was lured by rumors of fortunesto be made in Colorado mines. At any rate, a few years later he moved west to the small Coloradomining camp known as California Gulch, which he later renamed Leadville when he became itsleading citizen. Great deposits of lead are sure to be found here. he said.As it turned out, it was silver, not lead, that was to make Leadville' s fortune and wealth.

    Tabor knew little about mining himself, so he opened a general store, which sold everythingfrom boots to salt, flour, and tobacco. 『It was his custom to grubstake prospective miners,in other words, to supply them with food and supplies, or grub, while they looked for ore,in return for which he would get a share in the mine if one was discovered. He did this fora number of years, but no one that he aided ever found anything of value.Finally one day in the year 1878, so the story goes, two miners came in and asked for grub.

    Tabor had decided to quit supplying it because he had lost too much money that way. These werepersistent, however, and Tabor was too busy to argue with them. Oh help yourself. One moretime won' t make any difference, He said and went on selling shoes and hats to other customers.The two miners took $17 worth of supplies, in return for which they gave Tabor a one-thirdinterest in their findings. They picked a barren place on the mountain side and began to dig.After nine days they struck a rich vein of silver. Tabor bought the shares of the other twomen, and so the mine belonged to him alone. This mine, known as the Pittsburgh Mine, made 1300 000 for Tabor in return for his $17 investment.

    Later Tabor bought the Matchless Mine on another barren hillside just outside the townfor $117 000. This turned out to be even more fabulous than the Pittsburgh, yielding $35 000worth of silver per day at one time. Leadville grew. Tabor became its first mayor, and laterbecame lieutenant governor of the state.

    操作提示:
    通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

    1. Leadville got its name for the following reasons EXCEPT【C】 .

    A. because Tabor became its leading citizen

    B. because great deposits of lead is expected to be found there

    C. because it could bring good fortune to Tabor

    2. The word grubstake in paragraph 2 means【C】 .

    A. to supply miners with food and supplies

    B. to open a general store

    C. to supply miners with food and supplies and in return get a share in the mine, if one wasdiscovered

    3. Tabor made his first fortune【A】 .

    A. by supplying two prospective miners and getting in return a one-third interest in the findings

    B. because he was persuaded by the two miners to quit supplying

    C. by buying the shares of the other

    4. The underlying reason for Tabor' s life career is【B】 .

    A. purely accidental

    B. based on the analysis of miner' s being very poor and their possibility of discoveringprofitable mining site

    C. through the help from his second wife

    5. If this passage is the first part of an article, who might be introduced in the followingpart? 【B】

    A. Tabor' s life.

    B. Tabor' s second wife, Elizabeth McCourt.

    C. Other colorful characters.

    二、 阅读理解:
    正误判断(每题 10 分)

    The Wichita Falls Police Department is trying to help curb crime in neighboring communitiesthroughout the city. On Saturday Wichita Falls Police gave a free two-hour presentation tohelp locals keep their community crime free.More than 20 people showed up at the Martin Luther King Center in east Wichita Falls to bepart of the presentation.

    Wichita Falls Police Officer Jeff Hughes said that they wanted to make sure the folks out therewere aware they were doing everything to take away the opportunity from a bad guy.Hughes reminded those in attendance that their homes outside presentation could be an openinvitation to criminals. One of the biggest ways to prevent crime, according to Hughes is touse CPTED. Also known as Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design.

    The biggest site, that we are dealing with now, that we are endorsing fully, is Nextdoor andit' s simply just nextdoor. com,The site is free and helps locals set up a Virtual Community that they can interact with fromthe comfort of their own home.

    With www. nextdoor. com it all happens in a web based program where if you send something outit gets to that group or that person instantly, they will get an alert on their phone or anemail, said Hughes.

    According to Hughes, he has already seen a positive impact locally from the site and hopesit can continue to expand in Wichita Falls.

    操作提示:
    句子正确选择下拉选项框为 T;

    句子错误选择下拉选项框为 F。

    1. The Wichita Falls Police Department is planning sterner measures to combat crime. 【F】

    2. According to Hughes, one of the biggest ways of crime prevention is through environmentaldesign. 【T】

    3. The biggest site that police are approving fully is nextdoor. com. 【T】

    4. The purpose of nextdoor. com is to help locals set up a real community. 【F】

    5. If you use the nextdoor. com site, you have to pay for it. 【F】

    单元自测 4 形考任务试题及答案

    题目为随机, 用查找功能(Ctrl+F) 搜索题目

    题目:
    I have trouble in ________ my homework.

    答案:
    doing

    题目:
    This plant can' t be exposed ____________strong sunshine.

    答案:
    to

    题目:
    – Brand was Jane' s brother!– ____________he reminded me so much of Jane!

    答案:
    No wonder

    题目:
    – How about going to the cinema?– ___________

    答案:
    Sounds like a good idea!

    题目:
    – May I open the window to let in some fresh air?– ___________.

    答案:
    Go ahead!

    题目:
    – Ok, I' ll fix your computer right now.– Oh, take your time. __________.

    答案:
    I' m in no hurry.

    题目:
    – Susan, will you please go and empty that drawer?– ____________.

    答案:
    What for?

    题目:
    A dictionary may define genetics _________ simply the science of the study of heredity.

    答案:
    as

    题目:
    He asked his neighbor to ________ his house.

    答案:
    keep an eye on

    题目:
    People __________ foxes __________ clever but sly animals.

    答案:
    consider…as

    二、 英译汉(每题 10 分)

    操作提示:
    通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

    1. Parents are too busy to spend time teaching their kids right from wrong. 【B】

    A. 父母不会太忙, 所以有时间教导孩子明辨是非。

    B. 父母都太忙, 没有时间教导孩子明辨是非。

    C. 父母很忙, 但是也抽时间教导孩子明辨是非。

    2. Attend parenting classes, or join a local support group if you are having troubleunderstanding how to exercise discipline. 【A】

    A. 如果在理解如何管教孩子方面有困难, 你可以参加父母课程或者当地的支持团体。

    B. 如果你在理解练习纪律方面有困难, 可以参加父母课程学习或者加入当地的帮助团体。

    C. 如果在理解练习管教孩子方面有困难, 参加父母课程学习或者加入当地的帮助团体是有用的。

    3. As millions of people have access to the Internet, criminals look for potential victimsonline. 【C】

    A. 当成千上万的人们接受网络, 犯罪分子就会寻找网上的潜在受害者。

    B. 由于成千上网的人们具备了上网条件, 犯罪分子就会悄悄地物色受害者。

    C. 由于成百上千万的人们具备了上网条件, 犯罪分子会在线物色潜在的受害者。

    4. Use software that blocks out certain inappropriate websites in case you can' t keep an eyeanytime. 【B】

    A. 利用软件画出不良网站的轮廓, 这样你就不用时时关注了。

    B. 利用软件阻挡一些不良网站, 以免有时你无暇照看。

    C. 利用软件剔除不良网站避免不时浏览到。

    5. When you are suspicious of the website, check it out before you pay any money. 【B】

    A. 当你怀疑的时候, 你要检查支付的网站。

    B. 当你觉得网站可疑, 支付之前要严加核实。

    C. 当你怀疑支付的金额时, 要留意相关网站。

    二、 阅读理解:
    正误判断(每题 10 分)

    The law defines youthful offenders (age 18 or under) as delinquent if they commit offenses.As for the same offenses, the court would consider an adult as a criminal. Status offendersare juveniles who commit offenses appropriate only to juveniles, such as truancy from school.

    Here are a few ideas to help prevent your children from being a delinquent.Keep your children in school to help prevent delinquency. Minor offenses, such as truancy,can lead to more serious offenses. Make clear to your children your expectations about theirschool attendance. Meet with school officials if necessary.

    Exercise adequate supervision. Juveniles rarely commit serious offenses while under thesupervision of an adult. Seek the assistance of your local service agencies if you feel youcannot control your children. Attend parenting classes, or join a local support group if youare having trouble understanding how to exercise discipline.Educate your children about the dangers of drugs. Drug offenses and addiction can have seriousconsequences for your children. Let your children know you will not tolerate drug use. Stayinformed about drug use trends in children.

    Get your children involved in after-school recreational activities, sports, community serviceor other positive activities. Young people with positive outlets for their energy are morelikely to do well in school and avoid the problems of delinquency.Know who your children' s friends are. Show an interest in your children' s social life and peergroups. Peer pressure may have a bad effect on teenagers and young people. Do not allow yourchildren to associate with juvenile delinquents.

    操作提示:
    句子正确选择下拉选项框为 T;

    句子错误选择下拉选项框为 F。

    * The court would consider youthful offenders as criminals if they commit offenses. 【F】

    * You must meet with school officials to prevent your children from delinquency.【F】

    * If you cannot control your children, ask for help from the local service agencies.【T】

    * Inform your children that you will not tolerate drug use and drug offenses can have seriousresults for your children.【T】

    * Children always involving in positive activities are more likely to do well in schooland avoid the problems of delinquency.【T】

    单元自测 5 形考任务试题及答案

    题目为随机, 用查找功能(Ctrl+F) 搜索题目

    题目:
    I have no idea _____ to make my speech interesting.

    答案:
    how

    题目:
    My suggestion is that Tom _____ to see a doctor at once.

    答案:
    go

    题目:
    - I' m sorry for breaking the cup.- Oh, ____ . I' ve got plenty.

    答案:
    forget it

    题目:
    -I' ve been using the computer for a long time and my neck doesn' t feel well.-____________________

    答案:
    You' d better stop the work and take a rest.

    题目:
    -It' s rather cold in here. Do you mind if I close the window?-_____________________.

    答案:
    No, go ahead

    题目:
    -Must I finish the report today?-_____________________. You can finish it tomorrow.

    答案:
    No, you don' t have to

    题目:
    -We' ve worked for a long time, what about stopping a while to have a rest?-_____________________.

    答案:
    That' s a good idea.

    题目:
    Does the design _____ the needs of our users?

    答案:
    meet

    题目:
    He left the company by mutual ______ last September.

    答案:
    consent

    题目:
    Nowadays people spend more time exercising to keep _____.

    答案:
    fit

    题目:
    Parents transmit some of their _____ to their children.

    答案:
    characteristics

    题目:
    People wear _____ suits on formal occasions.

    答案:
    formal

    题目:
    The company is trying every _____ to improve the quality of products.

    答案:
    means

    题目:
    The news came _____ we won the first prize in the competition.

    答案:
    that

    题目:
    We have worries _____ we' ll miss the best selling season of the skirts.

    答案:
    that

    二、 翻译(每题 10 分)

    操作提示:
    通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

    1. One' s health should never be sacrificed for a need to work hard. 【B】

    A. 人的身体健康应该永不牺牲努力工作的需要。

    B. 人永远不该为了努力工作的需要而牺牲身体健康。

    C. 人的身体健康永远不该为了需要努力工作而被牺牲。

    2. Travelling at home and abroad has now become convenient and affordable. 【C】

    A. 在家和出国的旅游现在已经变得方便和负担得起。

    B. 家里的和国外的旅游现在已经变得方便和负担得起。

    C. 现在国内和国外的旅行已变得方便和负担得起。

    3. Exercising helps relax your body and has been shown to relieve mental stress as well. 【A】

    A. 锻炼有助于放松身体并且已显示也可以减缓精神压力。

    B. 锻炼帮助身体松懈并且已经被展示来减轻脑力压力。

    C. 锻炼有助于身体松弛并已被显露出可以很好地减轻精神压力。

    4. Knowing when and how to relax should be a part of well-balanced lifestyle. 【C】

    A. 知道什么时候和怎样休息应当是明智生活方式的一部分。

    B. 知道何时和怎样放松应当是匀称的生活方式的一部分。

    C. 知道何时放松和怎样放松应该成为均衡生活的一部分。

    5. Generally speaking, the language used in public speaking is formal in style, clear and vividin tone and persuasive in purpose. 【A】

    A. 一般来说, 公共演讲中所用的语言文体正式, 惟妙惟肖, 具有说服力。

    B. 一般来说, 公共演讲中所用的语言风格正式, 语调清晰生动, 说理目的明确。

    C. 一般来说, 公共演讲中所用的语言风格正式, 语调清晰生动, 目的是劝慰别人。

    单元自测 6 形考任务试题及答案

    题目为随机, 用查找功能(Ctrl+F) 搜索题目

    题目:
    ___________ was not very wise.

    答案:
    Telling her the truth

    题目:
    _________, the number of private cars will increase sharply in the coming couple ofyears.

    答案:
    Undoubtedly

    题目:
    Hardly had the train arrived at the destination when the passengers ________ out inno time.

    答案:
    flooded

    题目:
    It is an open secret _____he is not a qualified manager.

    答案:
    that

    题目:
    The more people you know, _______knowledge you get.

    答案:
    the more

    题目:
    Good friends means sharing happiness but also sadness ____ each other.

    答案:
    with

    题目:
    It is in the afternoon _______ he got the bad news.

    答案:
    that

    题目:
    This is an opportunity to _______ the reputation of the company.

    答案:
    enhance

    题目:
    Without your help, I ______ obtained today' s success.

    答案:
    would not have

    题目:
    You' d better___________ listening to the teacher in the lesson.

    答案:
    pay attention to

    二、 阅读理解:
    选择题(每题 10 分)

    操作提示:
    通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

    IMPORTANCE OF LEARNING OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

    There are a number of reasons __【D】 __. Learning another language is important for both workand travel. It is also important for making real connections with other people. Lastly, itcan give you a greater understanding of your own language.

    Learning a foreign language would __【B】 __. If you work in a foreign country, it will benefityou immensely if you can speak its language because then you would be able to work with alldifferent types of employees, and this will give long-term career success.

    Speaking a foreign language gives you __【E】 __; it enables you to see how other people seethe world around them. If you travel or work in a foreign country, think how much easiereverything would be if you could speak the local language. It would be easier to find differentplaces, ask for directions, and even order food.

    Finally, if you speak a foreign language you will actually __【A】 ___. Other languages openour minds to new ways of thinking. For example, Eskimos have more words to describe snow andice as it is such an important part of their lives.

    Language is __ 【C】 ___. It is how we share our thoughts with the world. Without language,there would be no way to communicate and express ourselves. The more languages you know, themore ways you have to communicate and express yourself. This is why learning many languagesshould be important, and why one language simply won' t do.

    A. improve your own first language

    B. definitely enhance your chances of getting a job

    C. what makes us human

    D. why you should learn a foreign language

    E. understanding of a country' s culture

    二、 阅读理解:
    正误判断(每题 10 分)

    操作提示:
    句子正确选择下拉选项框为 T;

    句子错误选择下拉选项框为 F。

    ENGLISH, THE GLOBAL LANGUAGE

    English is spoken as a native language by around 377 million people, and as a second languageby around 375 million speakers in the world. Speakers of English as a second language willsoon outnumber those who speak it as a first language. Around 750 million people are believedto speak English as a foreign language. English has an official or a special status in 75countries with a total population of over 2 billion.

    The domination of the English language globally is a sure thing. English is the language ofinternational communications, business, tourism, education, science, computer technology,media and the Internet.

    British colonialism in the 19th century and American capitalism and technological progressin the 20th century were undoubtedly the main causes for the spread of English throughout theworld. From the fifteenth century, the British began to sail all over the world and becameexplorers, colonists and imperialists. They took the English language to many places. For thelast hundred years, the USA has played a leading role in most parts of the world. The Hollywoodfilm industry also attracted many foreign artists in quest of fame and fortune and the numberof American films produced every year soon flooded the market.However, the future of English as a global language will depend very largely on the political,economic, demographic and cultural trends in the world.

    1. English is spoken as a second language by around 377 million people in the world. 【F】

    2. Speakers of English as a second language are more than those who speak it as a first language.【F】

    3. It is not surprising that 70% of all information stored in the internet is in English.【F】

    4. The spread of English throughout the world resulted from British colonialism in the 19thcentury and American capitalism and technological progress in the 20th century. 【T】

    5. It is definitely predicted (预见) that English will still act as a global language in thefuture. 【F】

    单元自测 7 形考任务试题及答案

    题目为随机, 用查找功能(Ctrl +F) 搜索题目

    题目:
    _________ we' ve no money, we can' t buy it.

    答案:
    Since

    题目:
    Apple developed its iPad-based textbooks in ____________ with major textbook publishers.

    答案:
    conjunction

    题目:
    But the Internet can bring some ________ effects, too. The most common one, some teenagersare addicted to computer games on the Internet.

    答案:
    negative

    题目:
    I have _________ some courses and software to my Smartphone, and I find they are veryinteresting and easy to use.

    答案:
    downloaded

    题目:
    No more having to buy expensive textbooks which you will only use for a year or two andthen sell or _______ away.

    答案:
    give

    题目:
    Quizzes are part of the lecture program to keep students engaged and keep them _________,for students to be able to check that they understood what was covered.

    答案:
    thinking

    题目:
    Smartphone makes it simple ________ us ________ take a photo.

    答案:
    for…to

    题目:
    Some universities offer free, non-credit MOOCs __________ to anyone in the world.

    答案:
    available

    题目:
    We can certainly deliver high-quality education to many students at much ________ cost.

    答案:
    lower

    题目:
    Well, that' s to say, every coin has two sides, ________ technology.

    答案:
    so does

    二、 阅读理解:
    判断题(每题 10 分)

    A passenger told an air hostess that he needed a cup of water to take his medicine when theplane just took off. She told him that she would bring him the water in ten minutes.

    The air hostess was kept so busy that she forgot to give him the water. As a result, the passengerwas held up to take his medicine. Thirty minutes later, when the passenger' s ring for servicesounded, she hurried over to him with a cup of water, but he refused.In the following hours on the plane, each time the air hostess passed by the passenger, shewould ask him with a smile whether he needed help or not. But the passenger never answereda word.When he was going to get off the plane, the passenger asked the air hostess to hand him the

    passengers' booklet. She was very sad. She knew that he would write down sharp words, but witha smile she handed it to him.Off the plane, she opened the booklet, and smiled, for the passenger put it. On the flight,you asked me whether I needed help or not for twelve times in all. How can I refuse your twelvesincere smiles?

    That' s right! Who can refuse twelve sincere smiles from a person?

    操作提示:
    句子正确选择下拉选项框为 T;

    句子错误选择下拉选项框为 F。

    * A passenger wants a cup of water because he is thirsty. 【F】

    * The air hostess forgot to give him the water on purpose. 【F】

    * The passenger refused the cup of water. 【T】

    * The passenger didn' t write down any sharp words. 【T】

    * This passage tells us that a sincere smile is of no use. 【T】

    二、 阅读理解:
    选择题(每题 10 分)

    FREE MASSIVE ONLINE OPEN COURSES (MOOCS)

    A class with hundreds or even thousands of students might sound like a teacher' s worst nightmare.But a big idea in higher education these days is Massive Open Online Courses, or MOOCs.Some universities offer free, non-credit MOOCs available to anyone in the world. Others chargefor courses and provide credits. The idea is still developing. The Massachusetts Instituteof Technology started its first MOOC in 2012. The school plans to offer many free, non-creditcourses through a project called MITx. Many Chinese universities are beginning to offer freeMOOCs now too.

    Nowadays, MOOCs almost cover every topic, like computer science, technology, mechanics,engineering, languages, etc.

    Generally speaking, there are no formal education requirements for these free online courses.

    Students watch short videos. Then, they take informal, ungraded quizzes after the videos eachweek for certain weeks. Quizzes are part of the lecture program to keep students engaged andkeep them thinking, for students to be able to check that they understood what was covered.They can repeatedly watch the videos and take the quizzes whenever they want. Students receivehomework. They can join online groups to exchange questions and answers about the courses.

    The teachers hold virtual office hours to answer questions that the students have posted. Theyalso present their own questions and observations.Some supporters claimed that there are things that we can do better in the online format. Wecan certainly deliver high-quality education to many students at much lower cost.

    操作提示:
    通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

    1. 【A】 started its first MOOC in 2012.

    A. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    B. Harvard University

    C. A Chinese university

    2. Which is not true about the free online courses?【C】

    A. Students can watch short videos.

    B. Students may ask the teachers some questions.

    C. Students must take graded quizzes.

    3. They can join online groups【B】 .

    A. to discuss the quizzes

    B. to exchange questions and answers

    C. to present their observations

    4. The teachers hold【A】 to answer questions that the students have posted.

    A. virtual office hours

    B. face-to-face meetings

    C. regular seminars

    5. What is the attitude of the writer to online courses?【C】

    A. neutral

    B. negative

    C. positive

    单元自测 8 形考任务试题及答案

    题目为随机, 用查找功能(Ctrl+F) 搜索题目

    题目:
    I hope you are making ________ for continuous education in your life.

    答案:
    room

    题目:
    Mr. Wang, _________, is coming up to us.

    答案:
    our new teacher

    题目:
    One big_________of formal education is the high cost.

    答案:
    disadvantage

    题目:
    _________ the regular classes, you can also attend many different seminars and take partin many extracurricular activities.

    答案:
    Apart from

    题目:
    – Did you enjoy your college life?– ______

    答案:
    Yes, it was rich and colorful.

    题目:
    – How long have you been graduated from your college?– _________

    答案:
    I've been graduated for five years.

    题目:
    – I often feel lonely when I engage in my online learning. ________– I join the online course community.

    答案:
    How do you solve this problem?

    题目:
    – The advancement of technology has boosted the pace of our lives, and requires us tolearn something new every day.– _________I have chosen the online program at OU.

    答案:
    That is the reason why

    题目:
    – What are your great strengths?– _________

    答案:
    I am very active in discussion.

    题目:
    By making learning possible anytime and anywhere, distance education is a powerful tool_________ supporting lifelong learning.

    答案:
    for

    题目:
    I have just finished the_________in the online forum.

    答案:
    discussion

    题目:
    It is believed lifelong learning is a crucial response to the challenge of the global________ economy.

    答案:
    knowledge

    题目:
    Lifelong learning is both formal and non-formal; and the boundaries between face-to-faceteaching and ___________ education are increasingly blurred.

    答案:
    distance

    题目:
    The advancement of technology has boosted the pace of our lives, and requires us to learn___________ every day just to stay current in the workplace.

    答案:
    something new

    题目:
    The fact ________ that we are behind the other classes.

    答案:
    remains

    二、 阅读理解:
    判断正误(每题 10 分)

    LIFELONG LEARNING & DISTANCE EDUCATION

    The term lifelong learning is very popular nowadays. It describes the need for people to continuetheir education and training throughout their lives. Lifelong learning is more and moreimportant for everyone because people are now facing different career choices in changingeconomies. It is believed lifelong learning is a crucial response to the challenges of theglobal knowledge economy.

    Currently, most universities have reacted to the era of lifelong learning by adding new programsand services for adults who seek to combine employment with part-time study. Specialarrangements have been developed for these students but the core activity of the university,providing teaching to full-time young undergraduates, often goes on much as before.Lifelong learning is both formal and non-formal; and the boundaries between face-to-faceteaching and distance education are increasingly blurred.

    By making learning possible anytime and anywhere, distance education is a powerful tool forsupporting lifelong learning. Technology-based teaching is creating new educational systemsthat anyone from anywhere can access. The key challenge for universities is to evolve froma teacher-centered model of education to student-centered model. The challenge for governmentsis that they have to develop new funding approaches and new quality assessment procedures.

    操作提示:
    句子正确选择下拉选项框为 T;

    句子错误选择下拉选项框为 F。

    * The term lifelong learning describes the need for people to continue their educationand training in a certain period of their lives.

    【F】

    * The challenges of the global knowledge economy bring the needs for lifelong learning.

    【T】

    * Lifelong learning is non-formal.

    【F】

    * The universities should make the classroom student-centered.

    【T】

    * To develop a new quality assessment system is a challenge for the government.

    【T】

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